What is good, normal, or safe GPU temperature? It is the temperature under throttle point or within GPU max temperature. To ensure maximum GPU performance of what your graphics card is capable of, it must operate under this point. So if you are not experiencing any shutdowns or reduced performance in the game, your GPU is working under safe temperatures according to manufacturers.
While ideal temperatures can mean something different for an overlocker. For instance, good temperatures are much lower in case of overclocking so we can hit higher frequencies, but “ideal” for the average consumer is not practical. The ideal temperature is simply the lowest temperature you can get but not bellow ambient temperature because you don’t want condensation to happen.
What Is Safe GPU Temperature Range?
Your GPU is already operating within safe temperature range because decent GPU manufacturers will optimize their graphics cards to work well out of the box and there is no need to fuss about a degree over or below average. Because many factors can influence your GPU temperatures, your temperatures may be very different from what other people are experiencing.
Factors That Can Influence Your GPU Temp
- Airflow (the type of case, fans)
- Ambient temperature (basically room temperature or temperature around your pc)
- Cooling type: Water cooling, Air cooling
- Air cooler type: Blower or Open Air Cooler
- Hardware Aging
- Thermal Paste (age, type)
- Dust accumulation
- Type of computer (laptop, pc…)
- Different manufacturer cooling solutions
- And even more…
So the answer is a bit complicated, and you should take opinions from forums and social media with a grain of salt. If you see anybody talking about some exact number your GPU should be in they are probably not exactly correct.
There are no precise numbers to this issue, and they are just copy-pasting information they see on the other web pages. The only exact information we have are the max GPU temperatures.
Most information I have seen on the web about GPU temperatures are between 60 °C – 85 °C while these are perfectly safe temperatures they are a generalization and not exact numbers so that’s why you should not panic when your card gets above these temperatures.
What Is Normal GPU Temperature
Normal GPU temp is not precisely specified. Most of the people are already running their cards on normal temperature out of the box because card manufacturers made it so. These days modern graphics card are packed with technology that ensures proper GPU temperatures. Unless your computer is restarting or you are experiencing some throttling you are running right GPU temp.
The Lower Temperature the Better
While you should not panic if your graphics card gets a little hotter than your friend’s, community consensus is that the lower temperature is considered better for GPU and components longevity. So don’t forget to maintain your PC and keep it clean.
Manufacturers Air Cooling Technologies
BLOWER GPU AIR COOLING – Usually air blower type cooling comes with reference AMD card or Nvidia founder edition pre-RTX series. Because this cooling type has one fan and hot air blows out of the case it’s usually hotter and produces more noise.
It is not the best solution, but it does the job. This blower air cooling has one advantage over the open-air cooling in case of bad or none case airflow this style might result in lower temperatures.
OPEN AIR GPU AIR COOLING – Usually this type of cooling comes with aftermarket graphics cards and the way they work is they blow hot air from inside of the case so make sure you have decent enough case with good airflow.
Nvidia also switched to open-air coolers with new RTX series founder edition while AMD is sticking with the blower type. This type of cooling is considered much better than the blower.
Why Is Max GPU Temperature Important?
Whenever you see Max temperature on your graphics card specification, it means this card should work within these temperatures as intended without any drawbacks like reduce performance.
If the card is not working within max temperatures, it may produce shutdowns, and this is why GPU max temperatures are important. For Nvidia, you can find their max temperatures listed on their product page while AMD doesn’t have their max temperatures listed for all of their GPU products.
Max Nvidia GPUs Temperatures
Nvidia has their MAX temperatures of graphics cards
listed HERE(update: Find your product on the nvidia.co for individual GPU specifications which includes Maximum GPU temperatures.). For newer cards click MORE INFO and then VIEW FULL SPECS and for older graphics cards click MORE INFO and later on the left side on the Specifications.
Temperatures listed for Nvidia Graphics cards in this table are exact for their founder’s models, but this may be slightly different for their aftermarket models from other manufacturers.
|GRAPHICS CARD||MAX TEMP °C||MAX TEMP °K|
|GTX 750||95 °C||368.15 K|
|GTX 750 Ti||95 °C||368.15 K|
|GTX 760||97 °C||370.15 K|
|GTX 770||98 °C||371.15 K|
|GTX 780||95 °C||368.15 K|
|GTX 780 Ti||95 °C||368.15 K|
|Nvidia GTX 950||95 °C||368.15 K|
|Nvidia GTX 960||98 °C||371.15 K|
|Nvidia GTX 970||98 °C||371.15 K|
|Nvidia GTX 980||98 °C||371.15 K|
|Nvidia GTX 980 Ti||92 °C||365.15 K|
|Nvidia GT 1030||97 °C||370.15 K|
|Nvidia GTX 1050||97 °C||370.15 K|
|Nvidia GTX 1050 Ti||97 °C||370.15 K|
|Nvidia GTX 1060||94 °C||367.15 K|
|Nvidia GTX 1070||94°C||367.15 K|
|Nvidia GTX 1070 Ti||94 °C||367.15 K|
|Nvidia GTX 1080||94 °C||367.15 K|
|Nvidia GTX 1080 Ti||91 °C||361.15 K|
|GTX 1650||92 °C||365.15 K|
|GTX 1660||95 °C||368.15 K|
|GTX 1660 Ti||95 °C||368.15 K|
|Nvidia GTX 2060||88 °C||361.15 K|
|Nvidia RTX 2070||89 °C||362.15 K|
|Nvidia RTX 2080||88 °C||361.15 K|
|Nvidia Titan RTX||89° C||362.15 K|
|Nvidia RTX 2080 Ti||89 °C||362.15 K|
|Nvidia Titan Xp||94 °C||367.15 K|
|Nvidia Titan X||94 °C||367.15 K|
|Nvidia Titan V||88 °C||361.15 K|
|GeForce GTX TITAN Black||95 °C||368.15 K|
|Nvidia Titan Z||95 °C||368.15 K|
10.9.2020 Update for RTX 3000 SERIES
|GRAPHICS CARD||MAX TEMP °C||MAX TEMP °K|
|RTX 3070||93 °C||366.15 K|
|RTX 3080||93 °C||366.15 K|
|RTX 3090||93 °C||366.15 K|
Max AMD GPUs and Ryzen APUs Temperatures
I couldn’t find the exact information about AMD graphics cards max temperatures, so I have contacted them. They have said to me that max GPU temperature for their chips may be different depending on the model of the card and manufacturer. But they have given me an approximation for AMD RX models which are 85 °C. Unfortunately, I didn’t get information about AMD Vega cards. So note that this table below is not precise and is an approximation of max AMD GPUs temperatures.
|GRAPHICS CARD||MAX TEMP °C||MAX TEMP °K|
|AMD RX 460||85°C||358.15 K|
|AMD RX 470||85°C||358.15 K|
|AMD RX 480||85°C||358.15 K|
|AMD RX 560||85°C||358.15 K|
|AMD RX 570||85°C||358.15 K|
|AMD RX 580||85°C||358.15 K|
|AMD RX 590||85°C||358.15 K|
|AMD Vega 56||/°C||/K|
|AMD Vega 64||/°C||/K|
|AMD Ryzen™ 3 2200G||95°C||368.15 K|
|AMD Ryzen™ 5 2400G||95°C||368.15 K|
GPU Throttling or Reducing GPU Performance
Graphics card manufacturers don’t specify the optimal temperature range for our graphics cards to run, but max temperatures in many cases are known. Whenever your Nvidia GPU reaches the max temperature, it throttles graphics card back in performance. In case of extreme heat, it will shut down your computer. AMD has the same safety feature as Nvidia in case of excessive heat it will come to a point when the graphics card will shut down your whole computer before damaging your GPU. Official Nvidia response HERE.
So while GPU Throttle in performance it is actually a neat feature to protect your precious graphics card. The main goal of this feature is to reduce your GPU temperature.
Throttling is cutting the performance of your graphics card if it gets over some specified temperature point so it won’t damage the GPU. So if your GPU temperature goes over throttling point; as a result, it will reduce your GPU performance and while gaming you should experience reduce frame rate or reduced performance for the sake of the safety of your hardware.
How to Spot if my GPU is Throttling
I recommend using MSI Afterburner. With this software, you can easily spot if your GPU is throttling. If your GPU is in a neighborhood in around 90°C (depends on the graphics card and so on…) and it’s not hitting the maxed GPU boost frequency, or it is bellow of its advertised frequency boost your GPU is throttling thus reducing its performance.
Keep in mind that different manufacturer/cards/series uses different throttling points. So your friend may experience GPU throttling at 90 °C while yours will throttle at let’s say 85 °C.
Laptops are Especially Vulnerable to Throttle
Laptops are especially vulnerable to throttling because they usually come in a much smaller package with limited cooling and airflow. If the laptop specs are great, and on reviews that laptop is severely throttling you can get lesser performance than hardware is capable of.
Because of that, I don’t advise buying laptops that are throttling in performance out of the box since in more time performance throttle will even get worse due to the aged thermal paste, hardware and dust accumulation.
How to fix GPU Overheating or Throttling, Step by Step
- Sacred rule of any GPU problems: Always keep your drivers up to date!
- Make sure there is enough space around the PC or laptop blowers to ensure air can easily escape.
- Clean dust from your components (don’t ever use your vacuum, static charge can damage your components).
- Check your graphics card if fans are spinning.
- Change GPU thermal paste (you may void your warranty, check your manufacturer).
- Install more fans in a case to increase airflow.
- Get a case with better airflow or open your case.
- Undervolt your GPU (for advanced users only, you may damage your GPU if you don’t know what you are doing).
- If nothing helps or if you can’t change your paste without voiding the warranty, RMA your card because your card should not overheat or throttle under normal circumstances.
So what did we learn from this article? Most of the time, when your graphics card is overheating, it is usually some fixable common issue. There can be some cases where you don’t have other options but to send your card to RMA. However, most of the time, overheating issues are related to accumulated dust, failed fans, bad case airflow, and old thermal paste.
Remember your PC needs maintenance so keep your PC and internal components nice and tidy and give your computer enough space so it can breathe. Lastly, may your FPS be high and your temps low.